What Does A Leopard Seal Eat?

Written by: Gemmali Dizor

Leopard seals are large, fearsome predators that live in the cold waters surrounding Antarctica. Known for their distinct spots and sharp teeth, these animals are one of the top predators within their ecosystem. If you’re curious to know what a leopard seal eats, look no further – in this article we’ll examine its diet in great detail.

Understanding the Leopard Seal’s Diet

Leopard seals are carnivores, meaning they only consume meat. Their diet primarily consists of krill, fish, and squid; however, they have also been known to consume penguins and other seals on occasion. Let us take a closer look at each of these food sources to understand how they fit into the leopard seal’s diet.

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Krill are small, shrimp-like crustaceans that are a staple in the diets of many Antarctic animals. Leopard seals in particular rely heavily on them as food sources; in fact, they have been known to consume up to 2.3 tons of krill annually. Leopard seals hunt for krill by swimming through schools with their mouths open, filtering out any smaller crustaceans before swallowing them whole.


Leopard seals not only consume krill, but they also eat various species of fish. Their favorite is the Antarctic silverfish – a small, elongated fish found in Antarctic waters. Leopard seals have also been known to consume cod and herring when hunting for food. When hunting for prey, leopard seals often ambush their prey from below with their powerful jaws to grab and crush it.


Squids are an important food source for leopard seals. Though these cephalopods can swim quickly, they cannot match the speed or strength of a leopard seal. When hunting squid, leopard seals often use their teeth to tear apart the tentacles of the squid, leaving its body behind on the ocean floor.

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Leopard seals typically feed on krill, fish, and squid; however, they have also been known to hunt penguins occasionally. This may come as a shock to some as penguins tend to be seen as cute and harmless creatures by most. But for a leopard seal, it’s just another potential meal – they will stalk penguins while they swim in the water before launching an unexpected attack by grabbing their feet and pulling them underwater.

Other Seals

Leopard seals are apex predators, meaning they sit atop the food chain within their ecosystem. That being said, they won’t hesitate to consume other seals if given the chance. Weddell seals and crabeater seals have both been known to become prey items for leopard seals from time to time. Leopard seals often ambush prey from below, pulling them down into the depths of the ocean before drowning them.


Leopard seals eat a diverse diet, from tiny krill to large penguins and other seals. These predators have evolved specifically for their environment with powerful jaws and excellent swimming abilities that enable them to hunt efficiently in Antarctica’s cold waters. While fierce predators, leopard seals play an essential role in maintaining prey species populations in this ecosystem. If you’re interested in learning more about these fascinating animals, do your research and explore online resources for further exploration.

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