what do blue catfish eat

What Do Blue Catfish Eat?

Written by: Gemmali Dizor

Blue catfish are a species of catfish that are native to the Mississippi River basin and are also found in various other bodies of water across the United States. These fish are known for their large size and voracious appetites, and they can consume a wide variety of prey items.

In this article, we will explore what blue catfish eat and the factors that influence their diet.

Diet in the Wild

Blue catfish in the wild feed on a variety of prey items, including both aquatic and terrestrial organisms. They are opportunistic feeders, which means that they will consume whatever food is readily available to them.

Some of the most common prey items for blue catfish in the wild include:

Fish: Blue catfish are known to consume a wide variety of other fish species, including shad, herring, sunfish, and carp. They are particularly fond of gizzard shad, which is one of the most abundant prey species in their native habitats.

Crustaceans: Blue catfish will also feed on crustaceans, such as crayfish, crabs, and shrimp. These prey items are an important source of protein and other nutrients for the fish.

Mollusks: Blue catfish will also consume mollusks, such as mussels and snails. These prey items are often found along the bottom of bodies of water and provide the fish with a source of calcium and other nutrients.

Terrestrial prey: Blue catfish are not limited to aquatic prey items and will also feed on terrestrial animals, such as birds and small mammals, if they are available.

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Diet in Captivity

Blue catfish that are kept in captivity, such as in aquaculture facilities or home aquariums, will typically be fed a diet that is formulated specifically for their species. This diet may include a combination of dried, processed pellets, live or frozen prey items, and occasional feeder fish or worms. It is important to provide a balanced diet that provides the fish with all of the necessary nutrients, including protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.

Aquaculture facilities often use commercial fish feed that is specifically formulated for catfish. These feeds contain a mix of high-quality protein sources, such as fishmeal, and other ingredients, such as soybeans and cornmeal, that provide the necessary nutrients for growth and health. In addition, some facilities may also supplement the diet with live or frozen prey items, such as shrimp or worms, to provide a more natural and varied diet.

In home aquariums, blue catfish can be fed a diet of commercially available pellets, as well as live or frozen prey items, such as feeder fish or earthworms. It is important to not overfeed the fish and to provide a varied diet to ensure that they receive all of the necessary nutrients.

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Factors That Influence Blue Catfish Diet

There are several factors that can influence the diet of blue catfish, including:

Availability of prey: Blue catfish will consume whatever food is readily available to them. If a certain prey item is abundant, the fish are likely to consume more of it. Conversely, if a certain prey item is scarce, the fish may switch to a different food source.

Water temperature: The feeding behavior of blue catfish can be influenced by water temperature. In general, the fish are more active and feed more when the water is warm, and less so when the water is cold.

Seasonal changes: The diet of blue catfish may also change with the seasons. For example, in the spring, when shad are spawning, the fish may consume more shad, while in the winter, when shad are less abundant, they may switch to other prey items.

Age and size: The diet of blue catfish can also be influenced by their age and size. Younger fish will typically consume smaller prey items, while adult fish are capable of consuming larger prey items.


Blue catfish are opportunistic feeders that consume a wide variety of prey items, including both aquatic and terrestrial organisms. In the wild, their diet is influenced by factors such as the availability of prey and water temperature, while in captivity, their diet is typically formulated using commercial fish feed or a combination of feed and live or frozen prey items.

Whether in the wild or in captivity, it is important to provide blue catfish with a balanced diet that provides all of the necessary nutrients for their health and growth.

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