unsafe food for rabbits

Unsafe Foods for Rabbits: What to Avoid

Written by: Gemmali Dizor

Rabbits, like any other pet, require a balanced diet for optimal health. A typical rabbit diet consists of hay, pellets, fresh vegetables and water – providing your rabbit with essential nutrients that will help avoid various health issues and promote overall wellbeing.

Common Healthy Foods for Rabbits

Some common nutritious foods for rabbits include grass hays (such as Timothy orchard or oat hay), high-quality pellets, leafy greens and vegetables. Fresh water should always be available to your rabbit to drink.

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Foods Hazardous to Rabbit Health

Human Foods – Sugary Treats

Rabbits enjoy sweet treats like candies, chocolates and baked goods but these high sugar contents may have detrimental effects on their wellbeing – from obesity and dental problems to digestive issues. Sugar content also plays a role in this area – see below!

Processed Foods

Processed foods like chips, crackers and cereals are not suitable for rabbits due to their high levels of salt, artificial additives and preservatives that could harm your rabbit’s delicate digestive system.

High-Oxalate Vegetables

Vegetables high in oxalates, such as spinach, beet greens, and Swiss chard, can cause urinary problems and kidney stones in rabbits. Therefore, it’s best to avoid giving these items to your furry friend.

Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli may cause gas and bloating in rabbits. Therefore, these should be fed in moderation or avoided entirely.

High-starch Vegetables

Vegetables such as potatoes, corn and peas with high starch content can disrupt your rabbit’s digestive system and lead to obesity. Therefore, these should not be part of your rabbit’s diet.

Plants and Flowers

Poisonous Plants

Some plants, such as foxgloves, lilies, and rhododendrons, can be toxic to rabbits if ingested; ensure your rabbit does not have access to these items due to potential serious health complications or even death from ingestion.

Toxic Flowers

Just as with poisonous plants, certain flowers can be toxic to rabbits. Avoid feeding your rabbit flowers like amaryllis, buttercups and daffodils as they may lead to serious health complications.

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Potential Health Hazards of Unsafe Foods

Digestive Issues

Rabbits have a delicate digestive system, and feeding them inappropriate foods can lead to gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea, constipation and gas. Diarrhea, constipation and gas are all potential side effects of feeding your rabbit the wrong foods.


An inadequate diet, particularly one high in sugar or starch, can lead to obesity among rabbits. Obesity has been linked with various health problems like heart disease, joint pain and even shortened lifespan.

Kidney and Urinary Issues

Feeding your rabbit foods high in oxalates or calcium can lead to kidney stones and other urinary problems. Making sure their diet is low in these compounds will help avoid these issues from arising.

Tips for Feeding Your Rabbit Safely

Introduce New Foods Gradually

When adding new foods to your rabbit’s diet, do so gradually. This will give their digestive system time to adjust and minimize the risk of adverse reactions.

Monitor Your Rabbit’s Health

Monitor your rabbit’s health and behavior closely, particularly when introducing new foods. If you notice any changes such as diarrhea, lethargy or a decrease in appetite, contact your veterinarian right away.

Consult Your Veterinarian Before Making Significant Diet Changes

Always consult with your veterinarian before making major dietary modifications for your rabbit. They can advise you on the ideal foods to incorporate and which ones to avoid.


Administering a balanced, nutritious diet to your rabbit is critical for their overall health and well-being. By avoiding unsafe foods and following proper feeding guidelines, you can help avoid health issues and ensure your rabbit thrives. Always consult your veterinarian for specific dietary guidance tailored specifically for your rabbit.


Can rabbits eat any fruits?

Rabbits can enjoy some fruits in moderation. Fruits like apples, pears and berries can be given as occasional treats; however it’s important to remember that fruits contain high levels of sugar so only give them small portions.

Is lettuce safe for rabbits?

Though some types of lettuce, such as romaine and green leaf, can be safe for rabbits, it is best to steer them away from iceberg lettuce due to its low nutritional value and potential digestive issues if fed in large amounts.

Can Rabbits Drink Cow’s Milk?

No, rabbits should not drink cow’s milk. They are lactose intolerance and cannot digest it properly, leading to gastrointestinal issues.

How Often Should I Feed My Rabbit Fresh Vegetables?

Feed your rabbit fresh vegetables daily, but make sure they receive a variety of types. Aim for a mix of leafy greens and other veggies that are safe for rabbits.

How can I tell if a plant is toxic for my rabbit?

If you’re uncertain whether a plant is hazardous for your rabbit, consult with either your veterinarian or an authoritative source on safe plants for rabbits. It’s always better to err on the side of caution and avoid feeding any plant you are uncertain about.

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