can rabbits eat spinach

Can Rabbits Eat Spinach?

Written by: Gemmali Dizor
Last updated on:

This is a common question many pet parents ask themselves when looking to add more variety to their furry friend’s diet. In this article, we’ll look into the nutritional advantages and potential risks of feeding spinach to rabbits, as well as providing tips on how to safely incorporate spinach into your rabbit’s meal plan.

Nutritional Benefits of Spinach for Rabbits

Vitamins and Minerals

Spinach is abundant with essential vitamins and minerals for rabbits. It provides them with vitamin A, C, K, as well as several B vitamins. Furthermore, spinach contains important minerals like calcium, iron, and potassium.


Spinach is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, as well as dietary fiber. Fiber plays a crucial role in rabbits’ digestive health by helping prevent issues like gastrointestinal stasis and keeping their gut moving efficiently.

Possible Risks of Feeding Spinach to Rabbits


One potential concern when feeding spinach to rabbits is the presence of oxalates. Oxalates are naturally occurring compounds which may bind with calcium in rabbits’ kidney stones or other urinary issues. As spinach contains more oxalates than other leafy greens, it’s important to feed it in moderation.

Gas and Bloating

Another potential risk when feeding spinach to rabbits is gas and bloating. Just like other leafy greens, spinach can cause gas buildup in your rabbit’s digestive system if eaten in large amounts, leading to discomfort and more serious health problems.

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How to Safely Feed Spinach to Your Rabbit

Before adding spinach to your rabbit’s diet, start with a small amount and observe their reactions. Watch for any signs of discomfort, gas, or bloating. If they tolerate the spinach well, you can gradually increase its amount over time.

How Much Spinach Should a Rabbit Eat?

It is important not to overfeed spinach to your rabbit. A small handful of spinach mixed with other leafy greens should be given once or twice a week, though most of their diet should consist of hay anyway. Ultimately, only small amounts of leafy greens should make up part of their overall food intake.

Mixing Spinach With Other Leafy Greens

To provide your rabbit with a balanced diet, mix spinach with other leafy greens such as kale, romaine lettuce and arugula. Doing this provides them with various nutrients while helping prevent an excessive intake of oxalates.

Other Safe Vegetables and Greens for Rabbits

In addition to spinach, there are several other vegetables you can safely feed your rabbit, such as:

  • Bell peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Carrots (in moderation due to high sugar content)
  • Celery
  • Cucumber
  • Radish
  • Squash
  • Zucchini

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List of Safe Leafy Greens

Here are some additional leafy greens safe for rabbits to consume:

  • Bok Choy
  • Cabbage (in moderation as it may cause gas)
  • Collard Greens
  • Dandelion Greens
  • Endive
  • Mustard Greens
  • Swiss Chard
  • Watercress

Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Rabbit

Rabbits can safely eat many fruits and vegetables, though there are some to avoid feeding your rabbit, such as:

  • Avocado
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Potatoes
  • Tomato leaves and stems
  • Rhubarb

Fruits can be fed to rabbits occasionally as a treat but remember they contain high levels of sugar so should not be their mainstay diet.

Unsafe Foods

In addition to the hazardous vegetables and fruits listed above, avoid feeding your rabbit:

  • Chocolate
  • Coffee and tea
  • Dairy products
  • Meat
  • Processed foods

These can be detrimental to your rabbit’s health and should never be included in their diet.

Monitoring Your Rabbit’s Health

As a responsible rabbit owner, it’s essential to closely monitor your rabbit’s health – particularly when introducing new foods into their diet. Keep an eye on their behavior, bowel movements and overall well-being to guarantee they remain healthy and contented. If you notice any changes or suspect any health issues are developing in your pet, consult your veterinarian right away.


Rabbits can safely consume spinach in moderation, as it provides essential vitamins, minerals and fiber. However, due to potential risks associated with oxalates and gas buildup, it’s best to introduce spinach gradually and feed small amounts alongside other leafy greens. With a balanced diet in place, you can help ensure your rabbit has optimal health.

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