rabbit food

Rabbit Food: A Comprehensive Guide for a Healthy Diet

Written by: Gemmali Dizor
Last updated on:

Bunnies are adorable, fluffy pets that bring joy to our hearts. However, keeping them healthy and content requires understanding their dietary requirements. In this article, we’ll dive deep into rabbit food world by exploring its nutritional requirements, essential components of their diet, and how to feed them correctly – let’s get started!

Understanding Rabbit Nutrition

Nutritional Needs of Rabbits

Rabbits are herbivores, meaning they primarily consume plant-based foods. Their digestive systems are designed to break down fibrous material, making hay an essential part of their diet. Rabbits also require vitamins, minerals, proteins and a small amount of carbohydrates in order to stay healthy.

Hay: the foundation of a rabbit’s diet

Hay is essential for rabbits for several reasons. Firstly, it provides essential fiber which aids in digestion and the act of chewing hay helps wear down their rapidly developing teeth, helping prevent dental issues.

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Essential Components of Rabbit Food

Fresh Vegetables

Rabbits require fresh vegetables in addition to hay for optimal health, and leafy greens should make up a significant part of their veggie intake. Non-leafy veggies may also be offered but in smaller portions.


Pellets are an easy and convenient way for your rabbit to get essential nutrients. They’ve been specifically formulated with their nutritional needs in mind, but it’s essential that you select high-quality pellets made from natural ingredients for maximum benefit.

Fruits as Treats

Fruits can occasionally be offered as treats, offering a range of flavors and textures. However, due to their high sugar content, these should only be offered occasionally.

How to Feed Your Rabbit Effectively

How Much Food Should Be Feed

Your rabbit’s nutritional needs vary based on age, size and activity level. Adult rabbits usually get unlimited hay, fresh veggies daily and controlled amounts of pellets; young ones require more pellets for growth and development.

Feeding Schedule

Rabbits tend to be most active at dawn and dusk, so offering fresh vegetables during these times is beneficial. Hay should remain available at all times, while pellets can be given once or twice daily depending on your rabbit’s needs.

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Selecting the Correct Hay for Your Rabbit

Types of Hay

Rabbits can enjoy several varieties of hay, such as Timothy, Orchard, Meadow and Oat hay. Each has its advantages and can be offered in rotation to provide variety.

Benefits of Different Hays

Timothy hay is the most popular option due to its balanced nutritional content and high fiber content. Orchard hay offers a softer option, while Meadow hay provides an array of grasses and legumes for added variety. Oat hay contains more carbohydrates which can provide added energy during cold months.

Selecting High-Quality Pellets

Ingredients to Look For

Look for pellets with a high fiber content (at least 18%) made from natural ingredients like Timothy hay, alfalfa and various grasses. Avoid those that contain added sugars, artificial colors and preservatives.

Pellet Brands

Oxbow, Burgess Excel and Small Pet Select are trusted pellet brands. Always check the label to make sure it meets your rabbit’s nutritional needs.

Fresh Vegetables for Rabbits

Leafy Greens

Leafy greens such as romaine lettuce, kale, bok choy and spinach are packed with essential nutrients that should make up the majority of your rabbit’s vegetable intake. Provide them a variety of greens to promote an even diet.

Non-Leafy Vegetables

Non-leafy vegetables such as bell peppers, broccoli and carrots can also be offered but in smaller portions. Although these provide additional vitamins and minerals, they should not replace leafy greens.

Vegetables to Avoid

Avoid feeding your rabbit vegetables high in oxalates, such as rhubarb or beet greens, since these can lead to urinary issues. Also, limit starchy vegetables like potatoes and corn which may cause digestive issues.

Fruits as Treats

Safe Fruits for Rabbits

Apples, bananas, strawberries and blueberries can all be offered to your bunnies in moderation without worrying about potential hazards from seeds or pits. Just remember to remove these items before feeding your furry friend!

Serving Size and Frequency

Limit fruit intake to no more than two tablespoons per five pounds of body weight, no more than twice a week to avoid weight gain and dental issues caused by their high sugar content.

Foods to Avoid

Human Foods

Rabbits should never be given human foods such as bread, pasta, chocolate or dairy products since these can be detrimental to their digestive systems.

Toxic Plants

Some plants, like lilies, foxgloves and nightshades are toxic to rabbits and should be kept out of their reach.

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