do deer eat pepper plants

Do Deer Eat Pepper Plants?

Written by: Gemmali Dizor
Last updated on:

The short answer to this question is, yes, deer will eat pepper plants if they are hungry enough and there is nothing else readily available to eat.

If you have invested time, effort, and resources into growing a vegetable garden, including pepper plants, it can be disheartening to see your hard work being devoured by deer. However, don’t despair. With a little bit of knowledge and a few simple strategies, you can protect your pepper plants from these voracious herbivores.

Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about deer and their feeding habits, and how to keep your pepper plants safe from their hungry jaws.

The Eating Habits of Deer

Deer are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. In the wild, they feed on a variety of leaves, shoots, bark, and twigs. They are known to nibble on a wide range of plants, including young seedlings, shrubs, and even fruit trees.

However, deer are also opportunistic feeders, which means they will eat whatever is available and easiest to access. If food is scarce, deer will travel long distances to find it, and they are not afraid to nibble on plants in suburban and urban areas if there is nothing else to eat.

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The Damage Caused by Deer

When deer nibble on pepper plants, they can cause significant damage. They will strip the leaves from the plants, leaving behind only the stems. This damage not only reduces the plant’s ability to photosynthesize, but it also weakens the plant and makes it more susceptible to disease and pests.

Deer can also damage the fruit of pepper plants, leaving behind bruises and punctures. This damage not only reduces the quality of the fruit but also makes it more susceptible to rot and mold.

Protecting Your Pepper Plants from Deer

Fortunately, there are several strategies that you can use to protect your pepper plants from deer. Here are some of the most effective methods:


The most effective way to protect your pepper plants from deer is to install a physical barrier around your garden. A tall fence, at least 8 feet high, will keep deer out. You can use a variety of materials to build the fence, including wood, metal, or plastic. Just make sure the fence is tall enough to keep deer from jumping over it, and that the bottom is buried at least 6 inches into the ground to prevent deer from digging under it.

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There are a variety of deer repellents available on the market that can help protect your pepper plants. These repellents come in different forms, including sprays, granules, and even bar soap.

Many of these repellents use strong-smelling ingredients, such as garlic or human hair, to deter deer. Others use bitter-tasting substances to discourage deer from nibbling on your plants.

You can also make your own deer repellent using a mixture of vinegar, hot sauce, and water. Simply mix 1 cup of vinegar, 1 cup of hot sauce, and 1 gallon of water in a spray bottle, and apply the mixture to your pepper plants every two weeks.

Planting Unattractive Plants

Another strategy is to plant some unattractive plants around your pepper plants. These plants will not be appetizing to deer and will serve as a barrier to protect your pepper plants. Some examples of unattractive plants include:

  • Lavender
  • Marigolds
  • Daffodils
  • Alliums
  • Crop Rotation

Finally, consider rotating your pepper plants each year to a different location in your garden. This will make it more difficult for deer to find and target your pepper plants, and it will also help to reduce soil-borne diseases and pests.


In conclusion, deer will eat pepper plants if they are hungry enough and there is nothing else readily available to eat. To protect your pepper plants, consider using a combination of fencing, repellents, unattractive plants, and crop rotation. With a little bit of effort, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious peppers, free from the ravages of deer.

Remember that every garden and every deer population is different, so you may need to try a few different strategies before finding the one that works best for you. Be patient, and be persistent, and you will find a solution that keeps your pepper plants safe and healthy.

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