can rabbits drink milk

Can Rabbits Drink Milk?

Written by: Gemmali Dizor

Are you a rabbit owner or thinking about getting one, you might have some questions about their nutritional needs. One common query is whether or not rabbits can drink milk. In this article, we’ll investigate this answer, discuss the digestive system of rabbits, and alert you to potential health risks associated with feeding milk to them. We also offer suggestions for safe alternatives and discuss safe drinks for rabbits.

Can Rabbits Drink Milk?

Unfortunately, no. Rabbits should not consume milk due to their digestive system not being designed for it and it could lead to various health issues if given milk. Let us explore further into why milk isn’t suitable for rabbits in order to gain a better understanding of why this is the case.

Rabbit Digestive System

Rabbits possess a digestive system similar to that of humans.

Rabbits possess a special digestive system that requires high-fiber nutrition for proper functioning. As natural grazers, their diet should mainly consist of hay, grass and leafy greens with small amounts of pellets or treats as treats. This diet allows their stomachs to process food efficiently while keeping bacteria at a healthy balance in their gut.

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Why Milk Isn’t Safe for Rabbits

Milk from cows, goats or other mammals contains lactose – a sugar that rabbits are unable to break down. Without the enzyme lactase, necessary for digestion of lactose, their digestive systems cannot effectively process milk properly.

Health Hazards of Feeding Milk to Rabbits

Feeding milk to rabbits has the potential for serious health complications, and should never be done without medical supervision.

Drinking milk while feeding your rabbit may result in several health complications, including:

Gastrointestinal Issues: Consuming milk can lead to diarrhea and bloating in rabbits, as their digestive systems are unable to process lactose properly.

Allergic Reactions: Some rabbits may experience allergic reactions to milk proteins, leading to itching, hives and even difficulty breathing.

Nutritional Imbalance: Milk is high in fat and low in fiber, leading to an imbalanced diet that could negatively impact your rabbit’s digestive health.

Lactose-Free Alternatives

While rabbits should not drink regular milk, there are lactose-free alternatives on the market like lactose-free cow’s milk or almond milk. Unfortunately, these don’t provide rabbits with essential nutrients and fiber they require for optimal health; so it is best to stick to safe drinks like water and occasional herbal teas instead.

When Can Baby Rabbits Enjoy Milk?

Baby rabbits, known as kits, require milk during their early development stage but should only consume that of their mother. Rabbit milk is rich in fat and essential nutrients that promote kit growth and development. On average, kits will nurse from their mother for around three to four weeks before transitioning onto solid foods.

Feeding Orphaned Baby Rabbits

If you find yourself in a predicament where you must care for orphaned baby rabbits, providing them with milk replacer is the best course of action. Cow’s milk, goat’s milk or commercial kitten milk replacer can all serve as temporary solutions; however it’s best to consult your veterinarian for guidance on proper feeding and care of these orphaned kits.

Cow’s Milk: Though not ideal, cow’s milk can be fed to orphaned kits as a temporary solution until another suitable alternative is found. Be sure to dilute the cow’s milk with water in order to reduce its lactose content.

Goat’s Milk: Goat’s milk is more digestible for baby rabbits than cow’s since it contains less lactose. However, this should still only be used as a temporary solution and only in rare instances.

Kitten Milk Replacer: Commercial kitten milk replacers can be beneficial for orphaned baby rabbits as they contain essential nutrients and are typically lactose-free. Be sure to follow the directions on the packaging, or consult your veterinarian for further advice.

How to Wean Baby Rabbits Off Milk

As your rabbit grows and develops, they will begin to transition from milk to solid foods. To help them wean off milk, introduce hay and leafy greens at around three weeks old. Gradually increase the amount of solid food available while decreasing milk feedings until all kits have fully weaned.

Safe Drinks for Rabbits

Water: The ideal and safest drink for rabbits is clean, fresh water. Rabbits should have access to clean water at all times as it’s essential for their overall wellbeing and digestion.

Herbal Tea: You can occasionally offer your rabbit a small amount of unsweetened herbal tea, such as chamomile or dandelion tea. These beverages provide additional hydration and may have mild health benefits; however, make sure not to replace water with herbal tea since water should always remain their primary source for hydration.


Rabbits should never drink milk, as their digestive systems are not equipped to handle lactose. Feeding milk to rabbits can lead to gastrointestinal issues, allergic reactions and nutritional imbalances. Instead of providing your rabbit with clean fresh water and occasional herbal teas for hydration, baby rabbits should only consume their mother’s milk while orphaned kits should be fed a suitable milk replacer under the guidance of a veterinarian.


Can rabbits drink soy milk or almond milk?

Unfortunately, while both products are lactose-free, they still do not provide the essential nutrients and fiber that rabbits require for optimal health.

How long Do Baby Rabbits Need to Drink Milk?

Baby rabbits typically nurse from their mother for approximately three to four weeks before moving onto solid foods.

What Can I Feed Orphaned Baby Rabbits?

Orphaned baby rabbits may be temporarily given cow’s milk, goat’s milk or commercial kitten milk replacer as a temporary solution. However, it is essential that you consult a veterinarian for guidance on proper care and feeding of these orphaned kits.

How Often Should I Change My Rabbit’s Water?

You should change your rabbit’s water daily to ensure it remains fresh and clean. It is especially important to monitor the supply throughout the day, particularly in hot weather, to guarantee your rabbit stays hydrated.

Can I give my rabbit fruit juice?

No, it is not recommended to give fruit juice to rabbits as it contains high levels of sugar which could lead to obesity and dental issues. Instead, provide your bunnies with fresh water as their primary source of hydration.

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